Learn about diamonds

The key to assessing the value of diamond jewelry is understanding the principles of diamond valuation itself. Commonly known as the 4 Cs, the grading scale focuses on the comparison of a diamond to a comparably sized perfect example.

Color – Each diamond is graded using a scale created by one of the leading gemological industry organizations. An ideal stone is colorless, however most stones posses some form of color.

Carat – The size of the diamond can dramatically affect the value of the stone and the diamond jewelry in which it's used. Generally the larger the stone the greater value, however other factors also affect value too.

Clarity – The presence of imperfections, or a stone's clarity, is a large component of assessing the value of diamonds. While diamond jewelry buyers can see imperfections that appear as small cracks or miniscule flecks of black carbon, these blemishes often can't be seen with the naked eye.

Cut - A diamond cut is a style or design guide used when shaping a diamond for polishing and doesn't refer to shape. Normally most consider the actual shape and appearance of the stone itself, rather than its ability to shine, but the Cut refers to the symmetry, proportioning and polish of a diamond and impacts its brilliance; this means if it is cut poorly, it will be less luminous.

Learn about gemstones

While most may consider gemstone jewelry as attractive adornment, others believe gemstones possess special meaning and healing effects. Some gemstones commonly integrated into jewelry that claim healing properties are:

Amethyst:Known for its spiritual qualities and used for general healing and meditation. Sleeping with an amethyst beneath your pillow may promote intuitive dreams and inspired thought.

Emerald:A calming stone, is said to improve intellect and memory. Thought to have wide-ranging positive properties - including relieving insomnia - emerald acts as emotional stabilizer to assist in the release of emotionally-based trauma.

Ruby:Thought to increase energy and divine creativity. In addition, ruby is said to alleviate worry, lift spirits, and improve confidence, spiritual wisdom, and courage.

Sapphire:Often sought for its calming effect on those prone to nervousness. Considered a stone of friendship and love, sapphire attracts good influences, and gives its wearer devotion, faith, imagination and peace of mind.

Diamond:Considered a master healer. An extremely powerful stone, a diamond is thought to promote emotional strength and love.

Gemstones are available in a wide range of varieties and are incorporated into many forms of jewelries.